Both Cheney and Lofgren serve as members on the House select committee investigating the January 6, 2021, Capitol Hill insurrection, which in part is tasked with proposing legislative recommendations that could help prevent an attack on the US Capitol from happening again.
“This week we will propose reforms to the Electoral Count Act to protect the rule of law and ensure that future efforts to attack the integrity of presidential elections can’t succeed,” Cheney and Lofgren write in the op-ed published in The Wall Street Journal on Sunday.
The House is preparing to take a vote on this bill at some point this week. The bill’s text is expected to be released soon, as the House Rules Committee has scheduled a key meeting on the legislation for Tuesday.
In their op-ed, Cheney and Lofgren lay out four areas they hope their legislation can address.
The first would be to reaffirm the Constitution and make it clear that the vice president has “no authority or discretion to reject official state electoral slates, to delay the count in any material way, or to issue procedural rulings that have such an effect.”
The proposed legislation would also make it harder for lawmakers to raise objections to official electors submitted from states, arguing that Congress should not be a “court of last resort.” They argue that objections should require one-third of each chamber to be entertained and a majority of votes to be supported. Currently, objections only need one House member and one senator in order to be raised.
Third, Cheney and Lofgren say that governors must transmit lawful election results to Congress. They say that if a governor or another official prevents that from happening, “candidates for the presidency should be able to sue in federal court to ensure that Congress receives the state’s lawful certificate.” They say that these laws must happen before Congress counts electoral votes.
And fourth, the legislation would address attempts from state legislatures to change the outcome of an election after it was certified and before it was sent to Congress, as was the case in certain battleground states in 2020.
“The Constitution assigns an important duty to state legislatures, to determine the manner in which the states appoint their electors. But this shouldn’t be misread to allow state legislators to change the election rules retroactively to alter the outcome,” Lofgren and Cheney write .